What is Vertigo? Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Methods

Vertigo refers to the feeling of dizziness. It is a symptom of a set of conditions. The inner ear can occur when there is a problem with the brain or sensory nerve.

What is Vertigo?

Vertigo is a neurological disorder that is usually caused by some problems in the inner ear. Patients feel that all the objects around them are turning. However, this is not the same as a normal dizziness problem. Vertigo , which occurs as a result of an inner ear or a brain-related problem, causes the patient to feel that everything is moving even if the patient is stationary.

What are the Symptoms of Vertigo?

Vertigo , which has a negative effect on a person’s daily life , manifests itself as a sign of dizziness. The reason for this is the equilibrium problems that occur in the inner ear or brain. In addition to this, vomiting, stumbling, speech difficulties, weakness, nausea, headache, such as symptoms of vertigo , depending on the severity of the situation, unconsciousness, double vision, loss of arm and leg, loss of hearing and vision, tingling and numbness in the body as well as disturbing symptoms.

What Are the Causes of Vertigo?

The major cause of vertigo is the health problems in the inner ear. Infections in the upper respiratory tract and dizziness caused by position cause vertigo. Meniere’s disease, depression, chronic otitis media, sudden movements, long-term alcohol consumption, damage to the body, long-term alcohol consumption, consumption of cancer and tuberculosis drugs, vitamin B12, and many other vitamin deficiencies are also effective factors in the formation of vertigo .

How does Vertigo attack occur?

The vertigo attack begins with a marked and severe feeling of dizziness. These attacks will disappear in a few seconds and this period can exceed 24 hours. With the onset of the attack, symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, fever, numbness and weakness are observed. Symptoms such as restlessness, head and ear pain and loss of self-confidence occur when vertigo is seen in children. During the attack, especially high places should be avoided and, if possible, work should be interrupted.

How to treat Vertigo?

Vertigo is a disease found in many species. For this reason, firstly the patient’s story is heard and the type of vertigo is tried to be determined. According to the physician’s diagnosis, triggering factors may need to be avoided. In addition, it may be advisable to avoid vertigo- enhancing positions. If discomfort is severe, drug therapies and balance exercises may arise. The drug combinations and exercises to be arranged by the physician aim to make the person as comfortable as possible. If the problem arises from the inner ear, antibiotic gentamicin injection can be applied to the inner ear region where the problem originates. However , if there is a lesion in the inner ear and brain causing vertigo, surgical treatment is the case.

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